Randomized Controlled Trials
Cranial electrical stimulation improves symptoms and functional status in individuals with fibromyalgia.
Pain Management Nursing. 2013 Dec;14(4):327-335.
A randomized, controlled, double-blind pilot study of the effects of cranial electrical stimulation on activity in brain pain processing regions in individuals with fibromyalgia.
Explore. 2013; 9(1):32-40.
Efficacy of cranial electrotherapy stimulation for neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury: a multi-site randomized controlled trial with a secondary 6-month open-label phase.
The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 2011; 34(3):285-296.
Feasibility of Using Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation for Pain in Persons with parkinson’s disease.
Parkinson’s Disease. 2010. 8 pages.
Using Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation to Treat Pain Associated with Spinal Cord Injury
Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 2006; 43(4):461-474. Presented at the South Central VA Health Care Network’s Pain Management Initiative 2nd Annual Pain Management Symposium: Campaign Against Pain. Jackson, Mississippi, April 7, 2006.
The Effect of Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) on Pain Associated with Fibromyalgia.
The Internet Journal of Anesthesiology. 2004; 8(2).
Treating Spinal Cord Injury Pain With Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation.
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 2003; 26(3). Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Paraplegia Society, Las Vegas, Nevada, September 2-4, 2003.
The Treatment of Fibromyalgia with Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation.
Journal of Clinical Rheumatology. 2001; 7(2):72-78. Presented at the Fifteenth Annual International Symposium on Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics, Columbia University, New York, October 1999.
The Effect of Variable Microcurrents on EEG Spectrum and Pain Control.
Canadian Journal of Clinical Medicine. 1997; 4(10):4-11.
Biofeedback and Electromedicine Reduce the Cycle of Pain Spasm Pain in Low Back Patients.
Medical Electronics. June 1989; 117:108-120. Doctoral dissertation (SZ), City University Los Angeles, 284 pages, 1987.
Traumatic Brain Injury and Full Body Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Patient Treated With Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation.
American Journal of Pain Management, 8(4):124-128, 1998. Presented at the Ninth Annual Clinical Meeting of the American Academy of Pain Management, Atlanta, Georgia, September, 1998.
Integrating Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Into Multidisciplinary Chronic Pain Treatment.
In Multidisciplinary Chronic Pain Management: a Guidebook for Program Development In Multidisciplinary Chronic Pain Management: a Guidebook for Program Development and Excellence of Treatment. Schatman and Campbell (editors), Taylor & Francis, Pp. 75-99, 2007
Complementary and Alternative Medicine Approaches in Pain Management.
Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session, 62(11):1419-1431, 2006
Open Clinical Trials
Incorporating Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Therapies to Expand Psychological Services to Veterans Suffering From Chronic Pain.
Psychological Services. 2010; 7(3):148–161.
Cumulative Response From Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) for Chronic Pain
Practical Pain Management. 2009; 9(9):80-83.
Case Series and Reports
A Progressive Treatment for a Chronic Progressive Disease: The War Against Complex Regional Pain Syndrome.
The Pain Practitioner. 2016; 6(1):26-31.
Is Microcurrent Stimulation Effective in Pain Management? An Additional Perspective.
American Journal of Pain Management. 2001; 11(2):62-66.
Traumatic brain injury and full body reflex sympathetic dystrophy patient treated with cranial electrotherapy stimulation.
American Journal of Pain Management, 8(4):124-128, 1998.